The Seven Spirits of God
It is unclear as to why the Holy Spirit is
described in Revelation as "the seven Spirits of
God." Isaiah, in the famous prophecy of
Jesus...and the Spirit that would rest on Him,
describes the Holy Spirit in seven different ways.
Other searches of scripture provide another seven
ways to define the Holy Spirit. Perhaps these
different aspects of the Holy Spirit are why He is
referred to in a plural sense. The text of the
revelation does not give any detailed explanation.
Prophecy of Isaiah:
The prophet Isaiah, prophesied of God (the
Father) sending the Messiah (Jesus, who descended
from Jesse, the father of David) and the Holy
Spirit resting on Jesus:
a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a
branch from his roots will bear fruit. 2
And the Spirit
of the LORD
will rest on Him, the spirit
understanding, the spirit of
the spirit of
and the fear
of the LORD. Isaiah 11:1-2 (NAS)
In this prophecy, the Spirit is described in
seven different ways:
Spirit of the Lord.
Spirit of wisdom.
Spirit of understanding.
Spirit of counsel.
Spirit of strength.
Spirit of knowledge.
Spirit of the fear of the Lord.
Seven General References to the Holy Spirit in
Spirit of God (or of the Lord) -
e.g., Genesis 1:2, Isaiah 11:2.
Spirit of wisdom and
understanding or truth - e.g., Isaiah 11:2, John
14:17, 15:26, 16:13, Ephesians 1:17.
Spirit of counsel and strength -
e.g., Isaiah 11:2.
Spirit of knowledge and the fear
of the Lord - e.g., Isaiah 11:2.
Spirit of grace and of
supplication - e.g., Zechariah 12:10, Hebrews 10:29.
Spirit of holiness - e.g., Romans 1:4.
Spirit of life in Christ Jesus,
or the Spirit of Jesus - e.g., Romans 8:2, Philippians
Where Can I go From God's Spirit?
It is also possible that the Holy
Spirit being referred to in a plural sense is
intended to illustrate how the Spirit can be with
each of the seven churches at the same time...giving
assurance of the presence and comfort of the Spirit
in the lives of these congregations. Psalm 139
can I go from Thy Spirit? Or where can I flee from
Thy presence? 8If I ascend to heaven,
Thou art there; if I make my bed in Sheol, behold,
Thou art there. 9If I take the wings of
the dawn, if I dwell in the remotest part of the
sea, 10Even there Thy hand will lead me,
and Thy right hand will lay hold of me. Psalm
Jesus had promised to send the Holy
Spirit as a helper or comforter to aid His disciples
until Jesus was to come again. Jesus said:
"But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage
that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper
shall not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him
to you. 8"And He, when He comes, will
convict the world concerning sin, and righteousness,
and judgment; 9concerning sin, because
they do not believe in Me; 10and
concerning righteousness, because I go to the
Father, and you no longer behold Me; 11and
concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world
has been judged. 12 "I have many more things to say
to you, but you cannot bear them now. 13"But
when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide
you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His
own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will
speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.
14"He shall glorify Me; for He shall take
of Mine, and shall disclose it to you. 15"All
things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I
said, that He takes of Mine, and will disclose it to
you." John 16:7-15 7(NAS)
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