Deuteronomy Chapter 5-6 : Easy-to-Read Version  | SearchSearch | Next Version | Previous Page | Next Page |

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The Ten Commandments

5 Moses called together all the people of Israel and said to them, “People of Israel, listen to the laws and rules that I tell you today. Learn these laws and be sure to obey them. 2The Lord our God made an agreement with us at Mount Horeb (Sinai). 3The Lord did not make this agreement with our ancestors,* but with us—yes, with all of us who are alive here today. 4The Lord spoke with you face to face at that mountain. He spoke to you from the fire. 5But you were afraid of the fire. And you did not go up the mountain. So I stood between the Lord and you to tell you what the Lord said. The Lord said: 6I am the Lord your God. I led you out of Egypt where you were slaves. {So you must obey these commands:} 7“You must not worship any other gods except me. 8“You must not make any idols.* Don’t make any statues or pictures of anything up in the sky or of anything on the earth or of anything down in the water. 9Don’t worship or serve idols of any kind. Why? Because I am the Lord your God. I hate for my people to worship other gods.* People who sin against me become my enemies. And I will punish those people. And I will punish their children, their grandchildren, and even their great grandchildren. 10But I will be very kind to people who love me and obey my commands. I will be kind to their families for thousands of generations!* 11“You must not use the name of the Lord your God in a wrong way. If a person uses the Lord’s name in a wrong way, then that person is guilty. And the Lord will not make him innocent. 12“You must keep the Sabbath* a special day like the Lord your God commanded. 13Work at your job six days a week. 14But the seventh day is a day of rest in honor of the Lord your God. So on that day no person should work—not you, your sons and daughters, foreigners living in your cities or your men and women slaves. Not even your cows, donkeys, and other animals should do any work! Your slaves should be able to rest just like you. 15Don’t forget that you were slaves in the land of Egypt. The Lord your God brought you out of Egypt with his great power. He made you free. That is why the Lord your God commands you to always make the Sabbath* a special day. 16“You must honor (respect) your father and your mother. The Lord your God has commanded you to do this. If you follow this command, then you will live a long time, and everything will go well for you in the land that the Lord your God gives you. 17“You must not murder anyone. 18“You must not do the sin of adultery.* 19“You must not steal anything. 20“You must not tell lies about other people.* 21“You must not want another man’s wife. You must not want his house, his fields, his men and women servants, his cows or his donkeys. You must not want to take anything that belongs to another person!”

The People Were Afraid of God

22{Moses said,} “The Lord gave these commands to all of you when you were together there at the mountain. The Lord spoke with a loud voice that came from the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness. After he gave us these commands, he didn’t say any more. He wrote his words on two stone tablets and gave them to me. 23“You heard the voice from the darkness while the mountain was burning with fire. Then all the elders* and the other leaders of your family groups came to me. 24They said, ‘The Lord our God has shown us his Glory and his greatness! We heard him speak from the fire! We have seen today that it is possible for a person to continue living even after God speaks to him. 25But if we hear the Lord our God speak to us again, surely we will die! That terrible fire will destroy us! We don’t want to die! 26No person has ever heard the living God speak from the fire like we have and still lived! 27Moses, you go near and hear all the things the Lord our God says. Then tell us all the things the Lord tells you. We will listen to you, and we will do everything you say.’

The Lord Speaks to Moses

28“The Lord heard what you said. And the Lord said to me, ‘I heard what the people said. And that is fine. 29I only wanted to change their way of thinking—I wanted them to respect me and obey all my commands from the heart! Then everything would be fine with them and with their descendants* forever. 30“‘Go and tell the people to go back to their tents. 31But you, Moses, stand here near me. I will tell you all the commands, laws, and rules that you must teach them. They must do these things in the land that I am giving them to live in.’ 32“So, you people must be careful to do all the things the Lord commanded you. Don’t stop following God! 33You must live the way the Lord your God commanded you. Then you will continue to live, and everything will be fine with you. You will live a long life in the land that will belong to you.

ancestors Literally, “fathers,” meaning a person’s parents, grandparents, and all the people they are descended from.  idols Statues of false gods that people worshiped. I hate … gods Or, “I am El Kanah—the Jealous God.” But I … generations Or, “I will show mercy to thousands of people who love me and obey my commandments.” Sabbath Saturday, a day of rest and worship for the Jews. adultery Breaking the marriage promise by doing sexual sin. You must not tell lies about other people Or, “You must not be a false witness against your neighbor.” elders Older men that were city leaders; they helped make decisions for the people. descendants A person’s children and their future families.

Always Love and Obey God!

6 “These are the commands, the laws, and the rules that the Lord your God told me to teach you. Obey these laws in the land that you are entering to live in. 2You and your descendants* must respect the Lord your God as long as you live. You must obey all his laws and commands that I give you. If you do this, then you will have a long life in that new land. 3People of Israel, listen carefully and obey these laws. Then everything will be fine with you. You will have many children, and you will get the land filled with many good things* —just like the Lord, the God of your ancestors,* promised. 4“Listen, people of Israel! The Lord is our God. The Lord is one! 5You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. 6Always remember these commands that I give you today. 7Be sure to teach them to your children. Talk about these commands when you sit in your house and when you walk on the road. Talk about them when you lie down and when you get up. 8{Write these commands and} tie them on your hands and wear them on your foreheads to help you remember {my teachings}. 9Write them on the doorposts of your houses and on your gates. 10“The Lord your God made a promise to your ancestors,* Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. The Lord promised to give you this land. The Lord will give you that land! And he will give you great and rich cities that you did not build. 11The Lord will give you houses full of good things that you did not put there. The Lord will give you wells that you did not dig. The Lord will give you fields of grapes and olive trees that you did not plant. And you will have plenty to eat. 12“But be careful! Don’t forget the Lord. You were slaves in Egypt, but the Lord brought you out of the land of Egypt. 13Respect the Lord your God and serve only him. And you must use only his name to make promises. {Don’t use the names of false gods!} 14You must not follow other gods. You must not follow the gods of the people who live around you. 15The Lord your God is always with you. And the Lord hates his people worshiping other gods! So if you follow those other gods, the Lord will become very angry at you. He will destroy you from the face of the earth. 16“You must not test the Lord your God like you tested him at Massah. 17You must be sure to obey the commands of the Lord your God. You must follow all the teachings and laws he has given you. 18You must do the things that are right and good—things that please the Lord. Then everything will go well for you, and you can go in and take the good land that the Lord promised your ancestors.* 19And you will force out all your enemies, just like the Lord said.

Teach Your Children the Things God Did

20“In the future, your son might ask you, ‘The Lord our God gave you teachings, laws, and rules. What do they mean?’ 21Then you will say to your son, ‘We were Pharaoh’s slaves in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt with his great power. 22The Lord did great and amazing things. We saw him do these things to the Egyptian people, to Pharaoh, and to the people in Pharaoh’s house. 23And the Lord brought us out of Egypt so that he could give us the land that he promised our ancestors.* 24The Lord commanded us to follow all these teachings. We must respect the Lord our God. Then the Lord will always keep us alive and doing well, as we are today. 25If we carefully obey the whole law, exactly like the Lord our God told us to, then God will say that we have done a very good thing.’*

descendants A person’s children and their future families.  filled with many good things Literally, “flowing with milk and honey.” ancestors Literally, “fathers,” meaning a person’s parents, grandparents, and all the people they are descended from. If we … good thing Or, “The Lord our God will credit us with righteousness (goodness) if we carefully obey the whole law, exactly as he commanded us.”

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