Lesson 2 - Question 30 of 41

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The Kingdom:  Individual Members of Jesus' Church:

Their Devotion to Fellowship, Breaking of Bread and Prayer (Acts 2:42)

The Lord's Supper:

Right before Jesus was crucified, He met in an upper room with His disciples:

When the hour had come, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. 15 And He said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I say to you, I shall never again eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God." 17 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He said, "Take this and share it among yourselves; 18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes." 19 And when He had taken some bread and given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me." 20 And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood. 21 "But behold, the hand of the one betraying Me is with Mine on the table.  Luke 22:15-21 (NAS) - see also Matthew 26:26-28 and Mark 14:22-24.

After Jesus died, rose from the dead and ascended to heaven, the disciples followed what Jesus commanded them to do. Paul explains the significance in 1 Corinthians 11:23-29:

"For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it, and said, "This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me." In the same way He took the cup also, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me." For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until He comes. Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he does not judge the body rightly. 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 (NAS)

Paul also corrects the Christians at Corinth for partaking of the Lord's supper in an unworthy manner:

"Therefore when you meet together, it is not to eat the Lord's Supper, for in your eating each one takes his own supper first; and one is hungry and another is drunk. What! Do you not have houses in which to eat and drink? Or do you despise the church of God, and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? In this I will not praise you." 1 Corinthians 11:20-22 (NAS)


According to the scriptures above, what was involved with the "breaking of bread" each Sunday?

  1. They were hungry and thirsty, so that was a good time to meet together to eat.
  2. Having a free meal would attract people to the church.
  3. Eating of the unleavened bread(1) and drinking of the fruit of the vine(2) in remembrance of Jesus and to proclaim His death, as the Lord commanded. 

They Were Hungry Attract People Jesus' Death


(1) Took Some Bread.  At the Lord's last supper before He was crucified he took of bread.  This was during the feast of the unleavened bread during the Passover (see Luke 22:1, Matthew 26:17 and Mark 14:1).  Unleavened bread does not have any yeast or leaven.  Yeast or leaven is the ingredient which causes bread dough to rise.  Each Sunday, the Lord's church meets to eat the unleavened bread for the purposes that Jesus gave.

(2) Took the Cup.  As noted in Luke 22:17-18 above, the cup contained "fruit of the vine."  See also Matthew 26:29 and Mark 14:25.  Grape vineyards are very common and plentiful.  Each Sunday, the Lord's church meets to drink the fruit of the vine for the purposes that Jesus gave.