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The Old Testament is full of examples of faith.  Faith of individuals...and the faith of God.

However, the New Testament uses the word faith considerably more than the Old Testament.  The reason for this lies in an understanding of the Old Testament vs. the New.

The Old Covenant vs. The New Covenant

The Bible often talks about the Law of Moses (given to the children of Israel* by Moses after they were led out of Egypt).  This is recorded primarily in Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy in the Old Testament.  The Law of Moses is often referred to as the Old Covenant (a covenant is an agreement).

* Note:  The Bible calls the descendants of Israel the "children of Israel."  They are also referred to as the "Israelites" or the "Jews."

But God foretold in the Old Testament that there would be a new covenant.  The book of Jeremiah was written about 800 years after the Law of Moses...and about 600 years before the birth of Jesus.  The Lord says, through the prophet Jeremiah:

"Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them," declares the LORD."  Jeremiah 31:31-32 (NAS)

This new covenant is recorded in the New Testament.  The new covenant came into effect when Jesus died on the cross (see Hebrews chapter 9).  In referring to the Law of Moses and the New Covenant of Christ, Paul says to the churches in Galatia:

"Therefore the Law (of Moses) has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, that we may be justified by faith.  But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor."  Galatians 3:24-25 (NAS)

Galatians 3 says that now that "faith has come" in the new covenant, the Jews were "no longer under the tutor" (the Law of Moses).

We will learn in this lesson how the concept of faith plays a vital role in this new covenant...and, accordingly, why it is necessary for the New Testament to speak much more about faith.

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Question 5