The Roman Empire was in power and had conquered much of the known world at that
Overview of the Roman Empire:
The history of Rome began in 753
B.C. As late as 390
B.C. when Greece and Persia were great powers in the world, Rome
was still very weak.
However, during the 4th and 3rd centuries
B.C., the Romans became
masters of central and southern Italy. Roman armies entered Greece, where they were both
conquerors and the conquered: they defeated the Greek armies, but they were overawed by Greek
culture and brought back to Rome a taste for fine art and literature.
B.C. at the
Battle of Zama, Rome defeated Carthage. During the next two centuries the Roman Empire
expanded rapidly, gobbling up many of the territories once ruled by Alexander the Great,
including Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt.
B.C. a triumvirate (three-man
executive board) consisting of Gaius Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great, and Marcus Licinius
Crassus led Rome.
B.C. Caesar was murdered by a group of senators. The empire
he had founded, with its autocratic tendencies, lasted long after his death.
Imperial Rome lasted from 44
A.D. 476. During the first 3 centuries of
imperial Rome, 50 emperors occupied the throne, and 37 of them died violent deaths.
fall would come at the hands of barbarian invaders. During the 2nd century
A.D. Goths looted
Greece and Asia Minor. During the 3rd century
A.D. the Parthians reached Antioch. By the 5th
A.D. the barbarians roamed at will through the western part of the Roman Empire.
Rome fell to Alaric I in 410
A.D., and after a reprieve of a few decades, in 476 the Goths
deposed the last Roman emperor of the west.
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