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According to Vines:  The first occurrence of the word "palal" in the Old Testament is in Genesis 20:7, where the reflexive or reciprocal form of the verb expresses the idea of "interceding for, prayer in behalf of."

Before we go any further, let's look at the definition of these words we have looked at so far from the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:
Intreat (or entreat) To negotiate.  To intercede.  To make an earnest request.  To plead.
Judge To form an opinion about through careful weighing of evidence and testing of premises.
Make supplication To ask humbly and earnestly of, or to ask for earnestly and humbly.
Intercede To go or to intervene between parties with a view to reconciling

In the Old Testament there are many examples of the leaders and prophets of the people praying or interceding on behalf of the people.  Just a few examples are given below:

Examples of Prayer
(Individuals interceding between God and man)

Scripture Reference

First Party

The One Praying (Interceding)

Second Party

Genesis 20:7 God


Abimelech, King of Gerar
Exodus 34:9 God


Children of Israel (Israelites)
1 Samuel 7:5



Children of Israel

Jeremiah 37:3



Zedekiah, King of Judah

Job 42:8



Job's Friends

There are also examples of individuals praying directly to God.  Usually these examples are leaders such as Abraham, Moses, the prophets, etc.  But there are many other examples of others, such as Hannah, the mother of Samuel:

Now it came about, as she (Hannah) continued praying before the LORD, that Eli was watching her mouth. As for Hannah, she was speaking in her heart, only her lips were moving, but her voice was not heard... 1 Samuel 1:12-13a (NAS)

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